What is CBD?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol, a type of cannabinoid that occurs naturally in cannabis plants. There are over 100 different kinds of these cannabinoids, but CBD and THC are the most well known. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, and causes the sensation of getting “high” that’s often associated with smoking marijuana. However, unlike THC, CBD is NOT psychoactive. Hemp and marijuana come from the same plant, Cannabis sativa, but the two are very different. Industrial hemp is not legally classified as marijuana due to its extremely low THC content (<0.03%).
The human body is actually designed to receive CBD, and contains what is called the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS is involved in regulating a variety of homeostatic functions including sleep, appetite, pain and immune system response. The body produces endocannabinoids itself, but also has two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are mainly found throughout the brain, while CB2 receptors are found primarily in the immune system. Research has discovered that CBD may work to reduce pain in two ways: by changing the way your body interprets the pain from your brain, and by lowering and preventing inflammation in the body.